Infertility - Causes and Treatment

By Dr. Nutan Pakhare

Infertility is a complex issue that affects millions of people worldwide. Despite its prevalence, it’s still often shrouded in shame and secrecy. But it’s time to break the silence and start talking about this important topic, particularly the causes and treatment options.

Infertility is a condition where a couple cannot conceive a child after a year of trying. The problem can arise because of various factors such as age, hormonal imbalances, physical or structural problems, lifestyle choices, and environmental factors. In this article, we’ll explore infertility and how Ayurveda can help address this issue.

According to Ayurveda, infertility is caused by an imbalance of the three doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Factors can cause this imbalance such as stress, poor diet, lack of exercise, and exposure to environmental toxins. 

cuases and treatment of infertility

Causes of Inferility

There are a range of factors that can cause infertility. In women, infertility can be caused by ovulation disorders, hormonal imbalances, structural problems in the reproductive system, or age-related factors. In men, infertility can be caused by issues with sperm production or function, structural problems in the reproductive system, or other medical conditions.

Other factors that can contribute to infertility in both men and women include lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and obesity. Certain medical conditions, such as endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women, and diabetes and thyroid disorders in both men and women, can also contribute to infertility.

Ayurveda offers a holistic approach to treating infertility by addressing the underlying imbalances in the body. One of the most commonly used Ayurvedic herbs for treating infertility is ashwagandha. This herb is known for its ability to regulate hormones and reduce stress levels, both of which can contribute to infertility. Other herbs commonly used in Ayurveda for infertility include shatavari, gokshura, and vidari.

Besides herbs, Ayurveda also recommends following a fertility-friendly diet that includes foods that nourish and support the reproductive system. These foods include whole grains, nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats.

Ayurveda also emphasizes the importance of self-care practices such as yoga, meditation, and pranayama (breathing exercises) for reducing stress and balancing the doshas. In addition, Ayurvedic practitioners may also recommend specific Ayurvedic therapies such as abhyanga (massage), shirodhara (oil pouring), and basti (enema) to help address infertility.

Infertility Treatment as per Modern Science


There are a variety of treatment options available for infertility, depending on the underlying cause of the condition. For women, ovulation-inducing medications, surgery to correct structural problems, and assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be recommended.

In men, treatment options may include medications to improve sperm production and function, surgery to correct structural problems, or assisted reproductive technologies such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

For couples who cannot conceive on their own, options such as donor sperm or eggs, surrogacy, or adoption may also be considered.

Infertility can be a challenging and emotionally difficult condition to manage. However, with the help of a qualified medical professional and access to treatment options, many couples can successfully conceive and start a family. If you are experiencing infertility, it’s important to speak with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and explore potential treatment options. 

By incorporating Ayurvedic practices and therapies into your fertility treatment plan, you can increase your chances of conceiving and starting a family.

The causes and treatment of infertility is due to various reasons. Take the first step towards addressing your infertility by consulting an Ayurvedic practitioner today.